Roy Falls at Norris' gravesite

Roy Falls at Norris' gravesite

Books for Sale

Books for Sale

Tuesday, March 25, 2014

AWARENESS ... ATHIRST ... and A SINNER !

The writer Jude says that "the grace of God hath appeared to all men." There is no hint in scripture of a universal salvation, but the way God works in the heart of all humanity is common to all. Every man, woman and even child at some point in life has sensed that feeling of a void in their life. They become aware that something is missing. Where does that nagging feeling come from? None other than that "still small voice " ... the silent working of the Spirit of Christ. If that awareness is not choked out by the cares of life, then that awareness soon develops into a thirst after righteousness. ... ( Matt. 5:6) "Blessed are they, who do hunger and "thirst" after righteousness." Who is the author of all this inter-struggle, none other than the blessed Holy Spirit carrying out the good graces of God. The providential care of merciful God can hear the feeble prayer of a lost sinner. "Lord be merciful to me a sinner."  How then can we escape if we neglect so great a salvation?

~ Roy Falls, Founder of The J Frank Norris Historical Society

Pure Sign of Apostasy

DAMNATION FOREVER
 A sure sign of apostasy is the flawed attempt to explain away the "the sting of death." 

 Roy Falls,  Founder of the J Frank Norris Historical Society.

Life is Full of Hoaxes

LIFE IS FULL OF HOAXES: 
There is none more deadly than the hoax of unproven evolution . It is all traced back to the rebellion of the fallen angels. Any attempt to replace the authority of scriptures is the seed of rebellion. "In the beginning was the WORD.' Ask, and you will receive; knock, and it shall be Opened unto you; seek , and you will find. W hem grace is bestowed, the sin of rebellion will be gone.

~ Roy Falls, founder: J. Frank Norris Historical Society

Israel Will Survive

Somehow Israel will survive. Not a prophetic word, just a verification of scripture.

 Roy

Saddest Words Ever Penned

Genesis 6: 8
If America, nationwide, would humble itself before God, all of the impending doomsday talk would vanish. Will this happen? Our fervent prayer is, we would hope so. But sadly, its almost more than we could hope for, when we consider the depth of our spiritual departure. The saddest words ever penned, IT MIGHT HAVE BEEN.

~ Roy Falls,  founder of The J Frank Norris Historical Society.

Friday, January 31, 2014

Veterans Day memorial For Dr. J. Frank Norris ... "LET IT BE KNOWN"

"LET IT BE KNOWN"

http://jfranknorris.org/books/1972_Memorial_for_J_Frank_Norris.pdf   ~ George L. Norris

Click link to read article ... view rare photos and read what the following people had to say:

Dr. Earl K. Oldham
Dr. Raymond Barber
Ms. Helen Barber
Ms. Elizabeth Wolfenberger
Ms. Louis Oldham

Saturday, January 18, 2014

Thanks to Pastor Rick Martin for this marvelous writeup of J. Frank Norris


                                                J. Frank Norris
 The life of Dr. J. Frank Norris provides a fascinating study of revival for fundamental independent Baptists today. All the men we've studied so far are missionaries and evangelists but J.F. Norris' life is a story of revival in a local church. Actually, at one time, he pastored two churches! One, the First Baptist Church of Fort Worth, Texas, was America's largest Church. the other, Temple Baptist Church in Detroit, Michigan, became the second largest in the U.S.A.

  Like most men, to understand the ministry of Dr. Norris requires a study of his early years in Texas. His godly mother, Mary Davis, Mary Davis Norris, was the most influential person in his life. His father was a drunkard who spent much of the family's much needed income on liquor. He often would drink at a local saloon called "The Blind Tiger." One Saturday night, his mother sent young Frank to the saloon with a note asking the bartender not to sell her husband any whiskey because they had no food. The bartender physically threw him out the door. He walked the two miles back to his home and cried as he told his mother what happened. She said, "Frank, go get the carriage." They went to town. She entered the saloon and pointed to the bartender and asked, "Frank, is this the man who laughed at you and cursed you?" All were silent. She noticed the note she had sent was crumpled up in a glass of beer. Without warning, she pulled out a horse whip she had brought and began to beat and chase that bartender across the saloon. The man finally fell to the floor and crawled out of the saloon. She began to smash the liquor bottles with the wooden end of the whip. J. Frank Norris got his hatred of sin and his courage from his brave mother.
 
One Christmas day, his mother decided to empty her husband's liquor bottles, so young Frank decided to help. When his father came home he said, "Frank, did you empty my liquor?" Frank told him he did. Werner Norris was so angry (and already drunk) that he beat the boy with a whip until he was unconscious. The next morning when he woke up bloody and bruised, he found his sobered up father weeping and hugging him, crying: "Daddy didn't do it! Daddy didn't do it! Liquor did it!" He said his dad prayed this prayer: "Oh God, liquor has wrecked my life and home. Take this boy and send him up and down this land to fight the curse that wrecked my life."

  Despite the hardships caused by drinking, Frank loved his dad and was proud of his courage. Local citizens had been frustrated because of the horse thieves in their place. Werner Norris volunteered to be the star witness against the horse thieves. Everyone talked of his bravery and some bought him drinks as the local court organized the trial.

  One day, two men appeared on horseback and began shooting their Colt .45's, hitting Werner Norris. Frank was in the field when he heard the shots. He saw his father drop to the ground and began running toward the men on horseback with a small knife. One of the outlaws, John "Stokes" Shaw, fired three bullets into 15 year old Frank. His father quickly recovered but the boy was near death for some time. Gangrene set in and was followed by inflammatory rheumatism. He was paralyzed and for three years couldn't move a joint without much pain.

  During these years, his mother used this as an opportunity to instill in her child an unalterable ambition for great things. She read him stories of the great men of history. After three years of patient exercise, movement came back and his 18th year, J. Frank Norris could stand. He read much--the Bible being the book he read most.

  In 1895, the pastor of the Hubbard City Baptist Church, named "Cat " Smith, befriended him. He emotionally and fearfully accepted the Bible as the complete and perfect Word of God. According to Cat Smith, the Bible must be accepted as a miraculous, absolute, infallible, inspired, and complete authority of God. They talked often and long about the things of God. He was the person who most influenced the kind preacher J. Frank Norris would someday become; an independent, fundamental, Bible-believing, sin-fighting, Baptist preacher who also had a big heart for souls.

  Encouraged to go to Bible College by Smith, Norris enrolled at Baylor University, a Southern Baptist School, at the age of 19. Some doubted this poor young man with the bad health could make it out but four years later he graduated valedictorian of his class. Going on to Louisville Seminary, he once again graduated valedictorian with the highest grade ever recorded there.

  There were two subjects he worked hard to master, the first being Bible. He had a consuming desire to know the Word of God. The second was history. Most great preachers have studied history much but J. Frank Norris probably excelled above all others. Later in his own Bible College he would teach a class on world history completely by memory.

  In 1906 he became pastor of the McKinney Avenue Baptist Church in Dallas, Texas. This church began to grow and then something happened that had a great effect on Norris' life. He had just finished his Sunday night message when he received a call that his mother was dying.

  The funeral was simple and his father came to the service drunk. J. Frank Norris spent that afternoon and evening alone praying, and although he never said what decision he made that day, it seems he returned a different person. Return in to Dallas, he found himself growing weak physically. He developed a chronic cough and was plagued with insomnia. His weight fell to 128 pounds, even though he was about six feet tall. Despite this, he kept on preaching and his church grow in two years to over 1,000 members until the denominational leaders asked him to become editor of the "BAPTIST STANDARD," a Southern Baptist paper.

  Under his leadership, controversy and sensationalism soon characterized his paper. He began to attack race track gambling.

  "I received a letter written in a very poor hand on cheap rag paper... It was signed by a broken-mother...who wrote me that her only son had gambled on races and lost. That he was caught and went the six-shooter route by his own hand. She wrote me urging, that as editor of the STANDARD, I expose the great evil, so as to save other mother's boys. I went out to the race track and went under the grandstand. I saw 48 book markers... I had the whole thing photographed."

  He began to expose this evil with this headline: RACING AT DALLAS FAIR--GAMBLING HELL. The powerful men who owned the race track began to attack Norris. The controversy was so great in Texas that the State Legislature voted to outlaw gambling in Texas. Norris spoke at a crowded special session of the Legislature. The racetrack owners brought 200 demonstrators to fill the gallery and both sides gave their arguments. J. Frank Norris spoke last and was so effective in his message that he was allowed to preach on the evils of gambling until 1:50 a.m. He ended hid message by reading the emotional letter of the bereaved mother and shouted "Shall we fail this godly mother?"

  This was his first big fight and he learned that controversy often opens the doors to get his message across to the masses. He never forgot his lesson, nor did he hesitate to use any controversy available to him.

  This fight had greatly increased the circulation of the BAPTIST STANDARD but some in the denomination did not like it. Finally, in 1909, J.F.Norris left the paper and accepted a call to pastor the First Baptist Church of Forth Worth at the age of 33.

  The vote for his call was 334 to 1. The members were excited that such well known man would pastor them. What they just didn't seem to realize was what a controversial person he was. The one who voted against him later became one of his most loyal supporters. He explains his vote:

  "I am not opposed to J.Frank Norris: I am for him but this church is in no condition for his type of ministry. If he comes, there will be allfiredest explosion ever witnessed in any church. We are at peace with the world, the flesh, the devil, and with one another. And this fellow carries a broad axe and not a pearl handled penknife. I just want to warn you."

  This church with 19 millionaires was known as the "Church of the Cattle Kings." When he accepted the call he met with a group of men. They told him what a wonderful Church they had and how they would take such good care of his family financially. Norris told them:

  "Gentle men, if I will come to you I don't know what will happen. All I know is we won't look like we do now when we get through with each other."

  The devil began to work on J.F. Norris as he quit preaching hard and just enjoyed everything. These wealthy leaders gave him beautiful home, nice automobiles, and every year a three month paid vacation. At church he told the best jokes and didn't make any one mad or get anyone under conviction. The members really liked him but J. Frank Norris was dying inside.

  He was so depressed that he decided he would quit the ministry and moved to California. He told his wife, "I'm going to quit the ministry."

  She replied, "I didn't know you ever began.""Ok then, I'm going to quit before I begin" he answered.
  He had received an invitation to preach a revival meeting in Owensboro, Kentucky for a friend and so he thought, "I'll go there and preach and then come back and resign."

  At the meeting the place was packed, but Norris had no heart to preach. By Thursday he decided to go home without telling anyone. He took his bag and hid it in the weeds by the railroad track and planned to catch the 11:00 train later that night. He then walked to the tabernacle to preach what he believed would be his last sermon. He tells one of the most thrilling stories I've ever heard:

  "When I got to the tabernacle and started to preach, the pastor leaned over and whispered to me, 'Don't you see that man sitting back yonder?' I had already seen him. He said, 'That old fellow with the red bandanna handkerchief around his neck--he's the meanest man in all this country. It's the first time I've ever known him to go to church--he has half a dozen notches in his gun. [Meaning he had killed six people.] If you reach that man you can reach the whole county.' I can see him now as he sat rared back--he had on boots and spurs, and I learned afterwards bells on his spurs, and he looked at me and I looked at him, and we were mutual curiosity to each other. As I stood there tired and weak, and looked at him and I thought-- 'You poor old sinner, it's the last time I ever expect to preach and I'm gonna give you the best I've got!'

  "I said, 'If there's a man here who is a sinner lost and willing to come to the Father's house tonight, Come on! Come on! My friends, I can see that old sinner now as he got up and started down the aisle--he had that old red bandanna handkerchief in one hand and his cowboy hat in the other, and you could hear his bells on his spurs jingling as he came. He didn't stop to shake hands with me. He fell full length on his face. When the little Methodist wife sitting over there, she didn't know he was any where around, but when she saw him, she let out a shout that could be heard a quarter of mile and she came running and fell by his side. In five minute there were more than 50 men and women at the altar seeking Jesus Christ, and salvation came and the eleven o'clock train whistled and I went on and they were still being saved, and twelve o'clock came and folks were still being saved, one o'clock came and they were still shouting, and two o'clock came they were still there. When I got back home it was three o'clock and when I walked in Brother White said, 'Fort Worth is trying to get you'...finally I got my feelings under control and I said, 'Wife, we have had the biggest meeting you ever saw--more than half a hundred sinners have been saved, and they're shouting all over this country, and the biggest part of it is Wife, you have a new husband--he has been saved tonight, he is coming home and we are going to start life over again and lick the roar out of that crowd and build the biggest church in the world.' She said, 'I knew it would happen. I've been praying for three days and nights. I haven't slept a wink, and tonight I had the answer to my prayer. I have been praying that this thing might happen, and my joy is complete.' I said, 'Good Wife, I will be home Sunday.'"

  Deliberately he set out to stir up some controversy. From Owensboro he wired a large newspaper advertisement to the FT. WORTH RECORD, announcing his coming Sunday evening sermon. "IF JIM JEFFRIES, THE CHICAGO CUBS, AND THEODORE ROOSEVELT CAN'T COME BACK WHO CAN?"

  That Sunday night the auditorium was inadequate to contain crowd who had come as the announcement had caused much discussion and interest. He only briefly spoke about the title and then began to talk to the listener about heaven and hell and the cross. He lost the dignity he had always displayed in this church and pleaded with the people to make decision to be saved. At the close he greeted 62 converts who had made their way to the aisle to accept his invitation. It was not uncommon in those days for 100 or 200 people to be added to the membership of the church on a single Sunday night.

  He kept advertising sensational sermon title and the crowds came. Mr. Harry Keeton, a long time supporter of Norris, often told of his first time to hear Norris preach. Mr. Keeton was an enthusiastic supporter of Ft. Worth's baseball team. He noticed a large banner across the front of the First Baptist Church as he passed by a few days later. The sign reads:

  "WHY DALLAS BEAT FT. WORTH IN BASEBALL Hear J Frank Norris Sunday night at 7:30 p.m."

  He came to hear Norris preach as he wanted to know the reason himself. Norris only spoke one sentence about the subject. "Dallas beat Ft. Worth" he shouted, "because Dallas was better prepared for the game. Boys, you had better get prepared for the game of life!" Along with revival taking place in the church came resentment; jealousy, and opposition from many of the longtime church members who disliked his controversial preaching and the great number of poor and common people he was reaching. He had many fights but he called this the biggest fight of his life. He recalled later what happened:

  "The first thing I knew I got a call from the Chairman of the Board of Trustees. He was in the wholesale grocery business, a very domineering type of man, and he had been one of my closest friends. He called me up as if I had been the janitor and talked to me with less respect than I would speak to the Janitor. He said in curt words: 'I want you to come down here right away. I want to see you.'

  "I started to tell him to go where the fires didn't go out. Fortunately, I decided otherwise, and I went in. I knew then I had entered the ministry. I knew that I was in the supreme fight of my life.

  "When I went in he never asked me to sit down...[He had his] feet propped on his desk and just rared back...they could hear him all over the place as he began to tell me what a fool I was and what a mistake they had made and closed by saying,'Norris when we called you, we thought you had some sense, but you're a d--- fool, and this is to notify you that you're fired.'

  I walked up close to him, and if the Lord ever helped a poor preacher, He helped me at noon. I was made over. There was something beyond human power and wisdom that shot through my soul. I looked him squarely in the eyes and wasn't afraid of him. I had already come to the point it mattered little what happened to me. All the sense of fear was gone.

  "I said, 'Mister, you have the mistake in the call. You are the one who is fired. And next Sunday I am going to tell the world of your threats' and I did, and the fight was on, and it's been on ever since."

  During the mass meeting of liquor dealers in Forth Worth, a large advertisement in the newspaper appeared with list of prominent citizens who were to host the meeting. The first three names he knew, deacons in the church, men who had opposed him. He called a meeting of all the deacons Sunday morning before church. He proceeded to read the newspaper ad and said that either they would resign as deacons or in the approaching service he would ask the church for their church expulsion from the church membership. The three left the room, never to return, and determined to destroy him. Most of the other wealthy members left the church with them.

  Norris began to fight the devils of Ft. Worth including "Hell's Half Acre," a part of town where 700 prostitutes worked. A private investigator, Mr. George Chapman, was hired to find out more of these illegal activities. He soon brought detailed evidence of 80 houses of prostitution. When he began to name the owners of the houses, many were prominent citizens of Ft. Worth.

  Norris personally confronted some of these owners. One cursed him and told him those women were worthless and only fit for that kind of work. Norris announced he was going to expose them in a Sunday night sermon. He said: "I got up the next Sunday night and told the crowd what they said and proved it. One thing is dead certain, the old church is no longer a corpse. Standing room is at a premium. We turned away more than we could get in."

  Week after week he preached on "Hell's Half Acre." He advertised the messages with such titles as "The Ten Biggest Devils in Ft. Worth--Names Included." Louis Entzminger, who came about this time to organize his Sunday School, tells about the service:

  There must have been at least 10,000 people in and around the tabernacle that night. On the opposite side of the street there was a Methodist Church, and a Methodist preacher trying to conduct a service. But part of Norris' audience was actually sitting on the steps of the Methodist church and leaning against the wall and filling all the vacant space between the church and the street.

  "He had advertised that he would give the record of the ten biggest devils in Ft. Worth, and had written registered letters inviting them to be present to answer any charges that he made and to defend themselves. They were all prominent men.

  "The newspaper would not publish his announcement, not even paid advertisement...Talk about crowds--only part of the vast multitude of thousands got on the block--the streets were filled all around.

  "The 10 men had held a conference and had agreed to ignore the meeting and nine of them did; but one of them, the main one, came...Norris carried out his full announced plan on all 10 of them, calling the roll and giving the record. The man, the top of the 10, when Norris gave record...went to the platform and Norris stood there quietly while [people] began to yell, 'Put him out!'

  "Norris beckoned to the crowd and obtained order and said, 'I invited this man to be here, He is my guest and I want to give a respectful hearing...' Then the man proceeded and when he had finished his barraging, Norris stepped forward and quietly pointed his long finger in his face and said, 'Now you have had your say and I want to ask you some questions.'"It is not necessary to go to all the questions, but I remember one of these very distinctly. It pertained to the ownership of the morning paper. The issue was whether the breweries owned it in whole or in part. Norris was fighting the liquor interests tooth and nail and he wrung from this man the confirmation that breweries owned no small part of the stock. When this man made that confession, the crowd arose and roared and this man walked away, head down, and ended the most dramatic hour I have ever witnessed in a public meeting."

  The prohibition fight continued and more threats were made against his life:
  "In the midst of the hottest prohibition fight any city ever had, a group of the outstanding men of Ft. Worth, held a meeting at which they voted unanimously to run Norris out of town. They notified him.

  "The first I knew about it was late one afternoon I saw hand bills pass out as I passed along the streets...'J.FRANK NORRIS SPEAKS TONIGHT AT THE CORNER OF 15TH & MAIN AT 7 O'CLOCK.'

  "In that handbill the threat of these men was quoted, and he was speaking there directly in the face of the order for him never to do so anymore...The streets were packed and jammed; half the city was there, and in great confusion. There were three saloons, if not four; one on each corner at this particular place.

  "He stood in a Ford roadster to speak.There certainly was a mob spirit there. It developed soon that Norris had several thousand very warm rooters and supporters present. It could have developed into a very serious situation. Norris led that excited mob singing 'The Sweet By and By.' It quieted the whole crowd and they listened attentively.

  "...During this same prohibition fight, a friend of Norris' came walking up to the church one day just as he and I started out to go some place. The friend's face was almost white as a sheet, and he was trembling with great excitement, saying, 'Dr. Norris, let me beg you not to go down the street, you stay right here'--I will not quote the man's name. He was one of the leading real estate men of Ft. Worth...'He says that the first time he lays his eyes on you he is going to shoot your heart out, and he is right down there at the corner of 6th and Main,' and he said, I beg you not to go that way.'

  Norris looked at me and said, 'Come on Entz'--brushed by the man making some nonchalant response and off we went, and to my surprise and amazement, and I might add almost to my consternation, he proceeded forthwith to 6th and Main Streets.

  "Between 5th and 6th on Main Street was the largest bank in the city. In front of this bank was an old time hitching rack. Standing there leaning upon that was this teal estate man who was going to kill Norris on first sight, talking to another man. "Norris and I arm and arm, turned up the street directly to the place where these men were standing talking...All my past life came up before me as I thought of every mean thing I had done and what my wife would do without me. I did not want to be buried in Ft. Worth or be shipped back to Florida where most of my relatives were at that time; I wondered about my insurance... We walked to the entrance of the bank within ten feet of the place where this man who was going to kill Norris on first sight was standing talking. As we walked up to the bank Norris turned his back to the entrance where this man was standing, picked up a magazine off the display stand; we stood there just a moment, but there was no effort on the part of this man who was going to kill Norris on first sight to make any movement in that direction.

  "To my amazement and very great delight he and the man to whom he was talking while we paused in ten feet of them, turned away and went angling across the street to the other side and off down the street somewhere...Norris looked at me with what seemed to me then as disdain and said, 'Entz, that's the only way to handle this crowd. If they had the least idea you are afraid of them they would kill you.' "And I am sure now he was right. "I have been in all kinds of experiences with this man, and I say beyond all question he fears no one but God."

  These weekly messages on Sunday night divided the city. He was to some a saint and noble crusader, and a devil and vile power-obsessed-preacher to others. Threats were made and an attempt on his life was made as two bullets were fired through his study while he was preparing a message. He would always tell his crowd of the threats and attacks from those who fought him.

  He announced a 90 day revival meeting during that summer of 1911. A vote was coming to outlaw liquor in Texas. He set up a giant tent and the crowds came every night. The liquor interests got together and persuaded the mayor to tear down his tent. The malicious destruction of the tent dedicated to the preaching of the gospel only increased the appeal of Norris. He continued to preach outside each night with no shelter but the crowds increased. He attacked the mayor who had connived with the liquor interests in getting rid of him.

  J. Frank Norris found there was a large amount of money, $400,000 of city revenue, that could not be accounted for. He preached so much about this and the crowds were so loud that the mayor couldn't ignore it. The Mayor announced he would speak at the City Hall Auditorium and the audience would be limited to "no boys under 21, and no women." Much preparation went into this meeting. 3,000 men packed the auditorium and Mayor Bill Davis spoke for two hours and climaxed his meeting violently shouting, "If there are 50 red-blooded men in this town, a preacher will be hanging from the lamp post before daylight."

  A few days, on the evening of January 11, 1912, a fire was reported in the auditorium of the first Baptist Church. The building was partially destroyed by fire. A month later on February 4, at 2:30 a.m.,they set fire to the building again and this time it burnt to the ground. A few blocks away, on the same night, a second fire was discovered at Norris own home. This fire was put out and most of the house was saved.

  The mayor persuaded the district attorney, his friend, to file charges against Norris, saying he set the fires. The mayor began to pay witnesses to lie and testify against Norris at the trial. A month later, his home was burned to the ground and he was also accused of setting this fire. He asked for a quick trial. Thirteen attorneys volunteered and served him including O.S.Lammar, and D.W.Odell, two senators.

  In spite of the agony of going to trial, the church experienced more growth and many were saved. The trial was then moved to Austin. Under oath, the final and key witness for the prosecution, a driver of a wagon, said he saw Norris at 2:00 a.m. outside under the street light and that Norris entered the church and that fire broke out a few minutes later.

  Under cross-examination he was asked how he could see Norris. He said it was because the street light was bright, so he could clearly identify Norris. When the attorney revealed the city records that the street lights were not on that night because the moon was shining brightly, the man confessed that he was lying. When asked who told him to lie, he pointed to the district attorney. Norris was acquitted of all charges and his church rejoiced.

  However, it had taken a toll on him, and he spoke of the difficulty and importance of forgiving his enemies:

  I learned then, and for all times, to win battles, I could not carry any bitterness of soul. Whether I wanted or not, I must forgive all men. I soon learned that I could not preach with any degree of power, have any liberty in the ministry, and unction in my message, if I went into the pulpit with any unforgiving sin in my soul against any mortal man. This was hard to do. It was a cross of crosses...I didn't want to forgive, and it broke my heart, it humble my pride, it forced me into the darkness of Gethsemane to forgive my enemies. I won the victory through a special Grace, and I had the assurance that if I surrendered all, that the God of all the earth...would change my darkness into light."

  He turned his effort into building a Sunday School:

  "While we were having tremendous crowds, I fully realized that one thing was needed to teach and enlist the crowds. I did not know how to do that, and nobody knew that I did not know how to build a Sunday School..."

  Louis Entzminger had come to work in his church a short time before this and had  a tremendous ability to organize a Sunday School. The Sunday School provided stability to the church as the better members became personally involved in teaching the Word of God.

  The Church built a new auditorium but controversy stayed. One local newspaper hated him so much that they consistently followed their policy of refusing to print his name, nit even in association with a funeral or wedding. He would advertise each week with hand bills that were spread around the city.

  One Monday morning, there was a large canvass banner hanging on the front of the church auditorium with the title of the next Sunday's message, "Nest Sunday Night: SHOULD A PROMINENT FT. WORTH BANKER BUY HIGH PRICED SILK HOSE FOR ANOTHER MAN'S WIFE?" When the next Sunday night came, Norris made this announcement:

  "Ladies and gentlemen, instead of one banker being guilty of buying a silk hose for another man's wife, three have made confessions, and the guilty banker in question has thrown him self on my hands, and has asked for the sake of his family, that I withhold his name. I cannot and I will not lift my hand against a man that I believe is sincerely penitent and this matter is a closed incident."

  J.Frank Norris preached hard against the Roman Catholic Church, especially in light of the fact that the Knights of Columbus and the whiskey dealers were often in business together. He preached hard against liberalism in both the Southern Baptist and Northern Baptist Conventions. Many preachers followed his example of taking their church out of this denominations and became independent Baptist.

  In 1921 Norris began preaching against evolution being taught in Baylor University, his Alma matter. Many Southern Baptist preachers took up for the evolutionist crowd and decided to get rid of Norris. They protected an institution instead of defending the Bible. Norris went to Waco, Texas, where Baylor is located, and rented the city auditorium for $75, and announced that he was going to "hang the apes and the monkeys on the faculty of Baylor University." This roused a great stir. When he arrived in Waco, the sheriff and chief of police told him to go back home and not speak because of the angry crowd meeting in the auditorium. Norris dismissed the idea, told them it was still a free country, and that he was going to preach.

  He said, "I arrived at the auditorium an hour ahead of time and every available space was taken and it was impossible to get in through the main door. I had to go into a side entrance and never was there such cat calls, hooting, booing, and yelling. They were plainly, sympathetically, and bluntly told, 'You are running true to form and are giving the finest evidence that your ancestors were braying asses, screeching monkeys, and yelling hyenas."

  Norris spent over two hours calling the names and giving the records of the evolutionists and at the close of his speech, the audience was in "profound silence" and their hearts were moved and when the question was put to them whether they believed the Bible or evolution, the entire audience leaped to its feet as one man. This two hour and 10 minute address was published and it was the end of evolution in Baylor University.

  In 1926 the mayor of Ft. Worth, F.C. Meacham, took $162,000 of taxpayers money and gave it to the Ignacius Academy, a Roman Catholic School. (This mayor was a wicked man and hated Norris and the church, and did all he could as mayor to make life miserable for both.) Norris printed 62,000 copies of his own newspaper, "The Searchlight," denouncing this and sent his members to distribute it around the city. Norris also charged and proved that the mayor had paid $12,500 to a girl to keep quiet about an illegitimate child.

  Meacham owned the large Meacham Department Store, and responded by firing every employee who was a member or symphatizer of First Baptist Church. On Sunday night, Norris had each of those who had lost their job tel their story. The place was packed out as always, and he said:

  "...Mr. Meacham's record is well known up here in Judge Bruce Young's court. A few years ago--it is a matter of record that F.C. Meacham had to pay one of his employees--a young lady, $12,500 besides to settle it. The lawyers representing F.C. Meacham were McLean, Scott and Syres, My friends, I say to this great audience, it is a shame in the name of Ft. Worth that a man of this kind should be mayor for one minute's time. There is no dispute about it,  it is a court record, but if he wasn't guilty, why did he pay it? He paid it. He isn't fit to be manager of a hog pen..."

  Norris told the crowd he would have more to say the next Sunday night. The mayor hired a man named D.E.Chipps to kill J.Frank Norris, and the next Saturday, this man called Norris on the phone. Norris later said of the call:

  "It was fifteen of twenty minutes before the trouble. The first words that were spoken when I said 'Hello,'were: 'We are coming up there to settle with you.' I said, 'Who id this?' and the voice over the phone came back and said, 'It don't matter you________." I asked him his name. He told me'....Chipps.' I told him that surely he did not mean what he just said. But he answered back, 'Well, I'm coming up there.' I insisted that he not come. I didn't want any trouble with him. But again he threatened me and said he was coming up to my office, and declared that he would not stand it any longer..."

  The church bookkeeper, C.H. Nott, was in the office with J. Frank Norris when Chipps burst in. He tells what happened:

  "When Chipps approached Norris, he stated 'I have some thing to say and I mean it. If you make another statement about my friends, I am going to kill you."

  Believing he was in imminent danger, J. Frank Norris pulled out a .45 and shot Chipps three times. He staggered a few feet forward and died. Norris called the police and ambulance and finally, his wife. When the Chief of Police arrived he took him to the District Attorney where he was book on the charged of murder.

  The quickness with which the charge of murder was brought against him was indicative of the deep resentment by the city officials. Those who hated him spared no expense to destroy him and his reputation.

  The church rallied and the church newsletter reported the nest Sunday there were "15,000 present in all services, with 103 additions." Two weeks later the church paper reported "An exceeding high day with 20,000 reported at all services." Once again he was acquitted.

  Many of the opponents of J. Frank Norris suffered terrible fates. Mayor Meacham was put out of the office, lost his fortune, and soon and afterward died. The district attorney who framed and forged the indictment in 1912, was the tool of the liquor crowd. While we driving his Cadillac (which was full of liquor) over the Main Street viaduct, he and his lady companion had a head-on crash with a streetcar.. Both were taken in to eternity. their blood, brains, and the broken bottles covered the pavement. A half of a broken quart bottle of liquor was picked up from the pavement near the wreck. It was filled with liquor and brains. It was carried to Norris and he took the bottle and brains and liquor to his pulpit and preached on the text. "Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting."

  One of Ft. Worth's richest citizens, who was the "expert witness" on handwriting in the framed testimony, walked out on the railroad track near his house. He laid down and a long line of fright cars cut his body in half. Many other people who fought Norris met a terrible death soon after they tried to hurt him. I could list 29 of them if space permitted.

  J. Frank Norris was a soul winner. Often he would be at the doorsteps of a home, early in the morning, while it was still dark. At sunrise, he would knock on his first door of the day . Entzminger remembered their soul winning experiences:

  "One of the most unusual experiences we have ever had was the story he told on me about pulling people out of bed at night to win them to Christ. We were both young and strong at the time and went night and day. When he prepared his sermons, I don't know. The biggest part of the time for nearly four years we were going night and day after people.....if all were written, it would fill many volumes--night and day, summer and winter, hot and cold, sunshine and rain, morning, noon and night we have gone from house to house seeking to win people to Jesus Christ...I know of no man who will work longer or harder in season and out of season and who will go forth and pay any kind of price to win men to Jesus Christ. I have already said I do not know when Norris prepares his sermons. He has gone with me six days in the week from morning till night and preached two or three great sermons on Sunday. I do not know when he prepared them. I have seen him go home with half a dozen magazines under his arm at 6 o'clock or 7 o'clock in the evening, and go by his home at 10 or 11 at night and find them scattered around all over the floor or piled up in the waste basket."

  Norris once said, "I would do anything to keep a man out of hell."

  In 1934, at the age of 58, he became the pastor of the Temple Baptist Church in Detroit, Michigan. On alternate weekends, he would preach in Ft. Worth and Detroit (over 1,000 miles away) and pastor both churches. Temple Baptist Church grew rapidly. During the summer he would follow the example in FT. Worth by having giant tent revivals in public places. He secured from the Ford Motor Company, a large five pole exhibition tent that covered 45,000 square feet (about 4,000 square meters). Before the summer was over, the crowds swelled to over 8,000 people and hundreds of converts became members of Temple Baptist. The church grew to become the second largest church in the USA, next to his church in Ft. Worth.

  Someone once said of J. Frank Norris: "When the Lord made Norris, He found that he had run out of the element of fear, so He made him without fear."

  Dr. J. Frank Norris did have fear, but he only feared the Lord. In August of 1952, he went home to be with the Lord, but his influence remains with us still.

~ Pastor Rick Martin  

Monday, December 23, 2013

Stand By Me



When the storms of life are raging ... Stand by me;
When the storms of life are raging ... Stand by me;
When the world is tossing me ... Like a ship upon the sea;
Thou who rulest wind and water ... Stand by me.


In the midst of tribulations ... Stand by me;
In the midst of tribulations ... Stand by me;
When the hosts of hell assail ... And my strength begins to fail,
Thou who never lost a battle ... Stand by me.


When I'm growing old and feeble ... Stand by me;
When I'm growing old and feeble ... Stand by me;
When my life becomes a burden ... And I'm nearing chilly Jordan, O Thou "Lily of the Valley" ... Stand by me.

Saturday, December 7, 2013

Southern Baptist Blasphemy


If you, as a 'SOUTHERN BAPTIST', are repulsed by this blasphemy, then you just might be in the camp of 'FUNDAMENTALISM'.
~ Roy Falls, founder: The J Frank Norris Historical Society




Below is directly from a page from Baylor University website:

  "Evolution, a foundational principle of modern biology, is supported by overwhelming scientific evidence and is accepted by the vast majority of scientists. Because it is fundamental to the understanding of modern biology, the faculty in the Biology Department at Baylor University, Waco, TX, teach evolution throughout the biology curriculum. We are in accordance with the American Association for Advancement of Science's statement on evolution. We are a science department, so we do not teach alternative hypotheses or philosophically deduced theories that cannot be tested rigorously." ~ Baylor University website .... see their link below!!!


http://www.baylor.edu/biology/index.php?id=77368

Wednesday, October 16, 2013

OUR AUDIENCE COUNT... Top 10 Countries

OUR TOTAL PAGEVIEWS TO DATE ARE 19,493 !!!
 
 Our most popular countries (top 10):
 

United States ... 13,629
Malaysia ... 1,414
Russia ... 1,381
Germany ... 544
Ukraine ... 171
United Kingdom ... 143
France ... 113
Latvia ... 105
Philippines ... 103
Canada ... 67


 

Saturday, October 5, 2013

Behind the 1950 Split - the Firing of Louis Entzminger by G. B. Vick


The epic cartoon "KILROY WAS HERE" was a famous
logo every WWII veteran remembers;
not meaning to plagiarize, the flip side of "Kilroy Was Here",
I can say "ROY WAS THERE."

I was there .... I know both sides of the story. The 1950 split started when G.B. Vick tried to fire Louis Entzminger. When Entzminger came to Norris saying that Vick fired him, Norris was not going to have that, no way.

Entzminger had been with Norris from the very beginning ... thru thick and thin ... 40 years .... he helped Norris "blaze the trail" and was Norris' best friend who had always been loyal and a decent man. Because of Entzminger's age (75+ at the time), Vick wanted to kick Entzminger out the front door ..... so who do you think Norris is going to side with?

Norris confronted Vick, and it made Vick mad. Dr. Norris was in tears over this, was accused of being a dictator just because he wanted to keep his old buddy around. .... But it was Entzminger who started the seminary .... it was Entzminger who helped Norris build two churches .... it was Entzminger, who helped knock on doors for years and years. Norris was the guiding force behind the success of Temple Baptist Church ...... so, for someone who was mentored by Norris, G. B. Vick should have known better than to fire Louis Entzminger.  Norris needs to be commended for standing up for his friend, an elderly man who deserved respect.  

Vick, being associate pastor of Temple Baptist was indeed there for about 15 years, 24/7, and won the confidence of his congregation. Naturally they would take Vick's word.  I'm sure Vick had a different story, because no one would admit they disrespect the elderly.  But instead of befriending Entzminger, he was too eager to get rid of him. Vick could have learned a lesson from our 90 year old veterans .... if he had, the 1950 split would not have happened.

Bear in mind that it was the supporters of G. B. Vick who stormed into Norris' First Baptist church of Fort Worth ... and made demands beyond all sense of reasonableness.  If the firing of J Frank Norris from Temple was legitimate, why would it's deacons not give Norris a hearing before Tempe's 3000 people?  He was not allowed to do so.  Norris was not allowed any hearing before the church, just the deacons. It is really sad when the church members are not allowed to hear both sides of the story.

As in his ministry, J. Frank Norris was always in the right ... fighting for what is right ... standing up for a friend.


P.S.  In a future date, I will write a paper on that episode of WWII's ......
"KILROY WAS HERE."

~ Roy Falls

Saturday, September 21, 2013

Newspaper Clipping Strongly REFUTES Allegations of Norris



Above is documentary evidence that strongly refutes the constant allegation of:
 "Norris Killed An Unarmed Man."

Note that Chipps was accompanied by an "UNKNOWN ACCOMPLICE."  Does it not make sense that we have another view of this event which just might reveal an apparent (no pun intended) cover-up? 

This newspaper account was published ONE HOUR after the event occurred, which does give credence to the fact that this unknown accomplice could have confiscated the gun before the police arrived, which is a far superior theory than all these hearsay myths, which later became adulterated.

Roy Falls, founder:
The J. Frank Norris Historical Society

Monday, September 9, 2013

The 'SILENT WITNESS'

Unknown by even the rank and file members of the First Baptist Church of Fort Worth is a remarkable lady who knew more about the legacy of J. Frank Norris than even his own family.

She was the long time personal secretary of Norris, with an intimate knowledge of Norris' private affairs. I am the only living acquaintance of this little known lady.  Before her death in 1976, she revealed information to me, which, when fully explained, will explode many of the false myths, the critics have been loathe to publish.

It concerns the relationship between the Norris and the G. B. Vick family, which existed for many years.  All of this relates to the breakup in 1950 of that relationship.  The one-sided tales have never subsided even after 50 years of Norris' passing.  Norris, in the mind of many outsiders, had a "dark side", as has been reported.

The untold story leaves out the underlying facts which only Lorene Rains was privy to.  Outwardly, the relationship between the Norris family and the wife of G. B. Vick seemed to be of an amicable nature.  Not so, according to Lorene Rains.  The details of which are best left untold since so much falls under the category of 'hearsay".  However, all the 'amicable' years prior to 1950 were surface coatings.  The gory details someday will surface.

As an eyewitness I naturally have, through the years been a stanch supporter of this man, so my critics 'love to hate'.


Roy Falls

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Wonderful Words of Life

The stated purpose of this website has always been to present the legacy of J. Frank Norris in a positive manner and in the way in which I remember him.  My recollection of this man goes as far back as 1928.  The story of the real J. Frank Norris needs to be told, if for no other reason than that misinformation may be discredited.  The message of this is meant to be somewhat reflective of his basic theological beliefs.

I use just one verse of scripture as the underlying premise of what I wish to convey. 

Genesis 1.1 ... "In the beginning God created."

If we stop with that one verse and attempt to gaze back into the historical past, a thousand and one theories have been offered as to what transpired in ages past.  On a positive note, the existence of a creator is, even in this modern age, an almost universal belief.  Likewise, and strange as it may seem, evolutionary scientists and biblical creationists recognizing this reality of cataclysmic events have been known to be a part of pre-historic occurrence.  The creation story still retains it's attractive appeal simply because of what followed Genesis 1:1.

Prehistoric thesis deal in such elusive speculation that interest in such endeavours must give way to what follow Genesis 1:1.  What follows Genesis 1:1 is a message of hope and wisdom of what lies ahead.  How marvellous to behold.

It is no wonder that the story of the bible has for 6000 years been labelled as the greatest story ever fold.

Hymn writers of the past has been inspired by the beautiful words of life.

Those great hymnal writers of old have penned the words of many immortal songs, that tell it all .... including Philip P. Bliss who wrote 'Wonderful Words of Life'

Roy Falls

The Holy Spirit in the Life of Saul and David ... a sermon by J. Frank Norris

THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE LIFE OF SAUL & DAVID ... a sermon by J. Frank Norris


My theme this morning, "The Holy Spirit in the life of Saul and David." It is another one in the series on the Bible teaching of the Holy Spirit.

The Scripture is found in I Samuel, 16th chapter, 12th verse and following:

"And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the Lord said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he. Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah. But the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him."

This text: "The Spirit of the Lord came upon David ... But the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul."

Saul was the first king which God gave to Israel upon their demand for a king that they might be like the heathen nations round about them. There is not a finer type of manhood, a more splendid specimen of human character, and yet he met with the most tragic fate. He came to an awful ignominious death, and why?

David, his successor, was not as good a man, as far as his life is concerned, and measured by the same standard as Saul, and yet we read how that one has rejected and the other accepted, and why? Why did the Spirit of the Lord leave Saul?

We read in the beginning of his kingly rule where the Spirit of the Lord came upon him, then near the close, near his death, we read where the Spirit of the Lord departed from him. The first reason was because of deliberate disobedience, not a sin of impulse, but a deliberate act of disobedience was the first cause. Then Saul returned from the war with the Amalekites where God sent him to destroy utterly that nation, Saul only partly obeyed. He brought the finest of the herds and flocks, and instead of destroying Agag, brought him back as a trophy, and Samuel met him, and he asked Saul, "Hast thou obeyed?" Them said Samuel, "What meaneth then, this bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the lowing of the kine which I hear? - And why is this king here alive?"

Saul undertakes to explain and show him that he wanted to bring back the best of the flocks for a sacrifice, and Samuel answered and said, "Hath the Lord as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken then the fat of rams."

The first condition of grieving the spirit of God is disobedience, and the first condition of receiving Him, having fellowship with Him, on the part of the believer, is obedience. That is why in that 5th chapter of Acts it says:

"And we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey Him."

It will be a new day in the life of everyone of us when we realize God expects from His children absolute unconditional obedience to His commands. The second reason why Saul the power and presence of the spirit of God was because he rejected the Word of God. Listen to what Samuel said: "I will not return with thee:" - why? - "for thou hast rejected the word of the Lord, and the Lord hath rejected thee."

If we obey and follow the Word of the Lord, the Lord of the Word will bless and walk with us. If we reject the Word of the Lord, the Lord of the Word will reject us. There are many ways in which we reject the Word of the Lord. I tremble when I read His plain commands - we will not lose our inheritance beyond this life but if we are really born again it means great sorrows and chastisements in this life.

"Be not deceived; God is not mocked; for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap," is an inexorable law. An evil spirit came and took possession of him. Because of some great overt act of pubic sin No.

Samson met with the same fate. It is said, "And he wist" - knew- "not that the Lord was departed from." That's why the great preacher Paul says - What is it Paul? - "That after I have reached throughout the world, that in my old age I may be rejected too, that I may be a castaway" - That doesn't mean his soul will be lost, but as the Spirit of the Lord left Saul, the first king of Israel, as it departed from Samson, so he may depart from me.

How often have we had this experience - we witness it. It is a tragedy - you have known somebody, some layman, some good woman, that once had great power in winning souls, and suddenly that power was gone. Why? The Spirit of the Lord has departed. They are like clouds without water, or, are as only sounding brass.

Look at the other side contrast the Holy Spirit in the life of David. First: He came on him when he was young, just like He did on Saul. Both started out the same way. Here is the difference now between these two men:

1] Absolute obedience, "And David inquired of the Lord." Again and again we find that in his life, but not one single solitary time where Saul inquired the mind of the Lord; no, he had his own mind.

2] Again, here is a great difference; here is why. The infinite chasm between the two is this: Saul never did make a confession and repentance for sin. If he did it was not after his heart. If he did, it was only on the surface.

If he did, he was thinking more of what man was saying that what God would judge. But David - what was the difference, "Have mercy," that's David's prayer - "upon me, O God, according to thy loving kindness; according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions."

"I am no longer a king. I am a sinner - I am no long concerned about the elders, that they shall say. I am concerned about what God shall do." As when he asked Joab to spare Absalom. His father's love was so great for his wicked son that he turned aside from his crown, from his empire, and wept over the tragic death of his who had become his enemy. Unconfessed sin brings sorrow to the believer, and without it his life is like a desert nothing pleasing, all is bitterness and woe. Do you know one thing Christian people have to watch is this, as we grow old with the bitterness, conflicts, disappointments, and even ill health, what happens?

We become like a Sahara Desert. Therefore, David said, "Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered," - here is what it means, your sin is under the blood - "Blessed is the man unto whom the Lord imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile." What else, David? - "When I kept silence" - "When I covered up" - "When I did not confess to God" - What happened? - "my bones waxed ole through my roaring all the day long." - What else? - "Twenty-four hours a day there was no peace." - "For day and night thy hand was heavy upon: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer." Notice his prayer had three stages:

1st Stage: "Renew a right spirit within m" - It doesn't mean the Holy Spirit is right sometimes and wrong sometimes. It hasn't anything to do with the character of the Holy Spirit.

It means this: "After He renews me He will make me right before God." It means, "Take this life that's wrong, that's broken, make it right give me a right heart a right spirit, a purging and purifying."

That is exactly what happened to Isaiah when he caught the vision of the Lord on His throne, and the glory of the Lord filled the temple, and the earth was filled with His presence, and He said, "Then flew one of the seraphims unto," - flying with what? - "having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar:" - the altar of sacrifice. The altar of reconciliation.

The altar of judgment. The altar where God and man met face to face - from that altar He brings live coal - "And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged." The fire, representing the consuming presence of God, touches the lips of the young prophet.

2nd Stage: "Take not thy Holy Spirit from me." He knew he had been taken away from Saul. David saw the evil spirit come on his predecessor. David saw his end. David saw him rejected of God. He said, "Don't let me come to that fate Don't let the tragedy that happened to Saul, happen to me." Oh, he is pleading now. He is not concerned about what the elders think. "I don't want to lose His presence. I want to walk in His way. I want to hear His still small voice in the storm.

I want to feel His warming presence, in a cold heart. I want to know His purging power in my life of sin. I want the Paraclete who walks around us and by our side, to be mine.

I want to feel the undergirding of His everlasting arms."

3rd Stage: "Uphold me with thy free spirit." Here I think is the meaning of that Scripture. He says, "I am coming back. I have been away from God. I have had great sorrow."

"I have been discouraged." Here is how gracious the Holy Spirit is, how God deals so tenderly with His own, here is where the Father sees the Prodigal's return. here is where the Father says, "You confess that's all that is necessary, and here is the robe, here is the ring, here is the fest." But the Prodigal says, "Wait, let me tell you about my past." but the Father says, "Let the past be gone." Here is where the Spirit of God gives courage. Here is a marred vessel, discouragement comes, the devil comes and says, "You are a nice looking somebody to go out and win souls."

But David says, "Lord, give me that boldness, that freedom because of Thy presence."



 ................................. WHAT TO DO IN GREAT SORROW .................................

Often, some great sorrow comes, more than we can bear and we are discouraged - I had a great blessing this morning, a little woman came in - I baptized her a few years ago - she has a great sorrow. It is not... death, something greater than death. It is a living sorrow, greater than the grave. she has a living sorrow. She is a wonderful character I have known her for years. She has been out of the city. she said, "I have won the victory; God has been good to me." - I looked into her soul, knowing the sorrow that is hers, how she suffers as only a mother heart can suffer. I thought that is what David is talking about - "Uphold me with thy free spirit." "Help me stand, and having done all continue to stand."

The next thing we hear is this: "Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation" - It means once I had it, but I have lost it. It doesn't say, "Restore unto me thy salvation." "I have lost the joy of it, the dew of it, the sweetness of it, the glory of it, the power of it, the music of it. I have lost it! I all, but He doesn't answer. I have lot it!"

That's why old Peter wrote and said, "Giving all diligence, add to your faith," and he mentions seven graces, "add to your faith virtue; and to virtue, knowledge, and to knowledge, temperance; and to temperance, patience; and to patience, godliness; and to godliness, brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness, charity."

Then he said, "If you have these graces you won't be unfruitful; you won't be barren, you will have knowledge of the Lord." and further he says, "But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins."

That's why lots of people are in doubt.



 .................................... SOUL-WINNING THE RESULT ....................................

What was the great result? "O," David says, "now I am ready to go out and win souls. I have been purged, restored, renewed filled with joy."

"Now," he says, "then will I teach" - Make disciples - "teach transgressors thy ways."

The purpose of the giving of His Spirit is what? To witness - "Then I will teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee." "I know how to win them," he says, "because I have been one."

That's why Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Satan hath desired to have thee, that he may sift thee as wheat. But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren."


 ............... WHY DAVID WAS A MAN AFTER GOD'S OWN HEART ................

It doesn't mean that salvation as when one is born again. David said, "I want to be made over."

Saul never did say he wanted to be made over. His attitude was, "I don't need it, I am king. I have done no wrong." But David said, "Lord, I am not a king, I am a sinner. Take me, break me, make me, use me, then I will be a witness." That's what he says. That's what God is looking for. That's how to have the Spirit filled life!

Now, we can understand why Paul said, Acts 13:22, "And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart which fulfil all my will." What? Say that of David and not of Saul? yes. David could say, "These people have done no wrong."

"I am the one, let thy wrath strike me, stay thy hand." when seventy thousand fell dead because of his pride, the sin of David. Saul never said that. Saul blamed everything and everybody but himself. David blamed nobody but himself. That is what God is looking for.

No wonder he could say, "A broken and contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise!"

God is looking for it today. He can't use any other. We are in a heart-broken world, and He wants a heart broken life that He can use. You know we don't understand things that happen, end of the life of a single one of His children. This was written to the Galatian Christians, not to unbelievers.

Here are some plain commands:

(1) "Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together" - We can't disobey that command, reject that Word, and not have sorrow.

(2) Here is the plain, simple Word of God, "Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse" - "Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come." - That we shall give Him first place in our earnings, and take Him into partnership with us, in our possessions, money, whether it be little or much, or else we are under the curse.

(3) Again, there is the plain, simple commandment to follow the Lord in the ordinance of Baptism. When we receive Him, if we disobey Him it grieves Him and drives Him from us. We lose His fellowship.

The third way Saul lost the presence of the Spirit of God was his failure to confess and acknowledge his sin, and here is how we read it - He thought more of the honor of man, what man would think than what God thought, for even after he realized his great sin of disobedience, how pitiful that then he said: "I have sinned: yet honour me now, I pray thee, before the elders of my people, and before Israel, and turn again with me, that I may worship the Lord thy God." He thought more of what the elders thought, what the people thought then what God thought, and the only reason why that he would even think of worshipping God was because of his great extremity.

How we often seek to justify a course of conduct which before God we know is wrong, and yet we work overtime to do what? Not to have the approval of God, but the approval of man.

There is no confession, there is no repentance, as long as we are wondering what man is thinking or saying. That expresses the whole of the tragic life of Saul. He thought more of what the elders would say than he did what God would say; in other words, here are his thoughts: "If I can by with it, with the elders, with the people, it matters not what there be in my life, my course, what have I don" - No fear of God!

The fourth reason why Saul lost the presence of the Spirit of God was because he grieved the Lord - "The Lord said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul?" - "Quit grieving for him any longer." It is a great tragedy when those close to the Lord have ceased to pray and to mourn for us. That's why Paul writes in Ephesians 4:30-32, "And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption."

J. Frank Norris

Thursday, July 18, 2013

O LOVE THAT WILT NOT LET ME GO

This hymn is generally considered to be one of the best-loved hymns written during the latter part of the nineteenth century.  The writing of this thoughtful and artistically constructed text is even more remarkable when it is remembered that it was authored by one who was totally blind and who describes the writing as the "fruit of much mental suffering."

Born in Glasgow, Scotland, March 27, 1842, George Matheson had only partial vision as a boy.  After he entered Glasgow University, his sight failed rapidly and he became totally blind at the age of eighteen.  Despite this handicap he was a brilliant scholar and finished the University and the Seminary of the Church of Scotland with high honors. In 1886 he became pastor of the 2,000 member St. Bernard's Parish Church in Edinburgh. He went on to become known as one of Scotland's outstanding preachers and pastors, greatly esteemed in Edinburgh, where his eloquent preaching consistently attracted large crowds. 

Many conjectures have been made regarding the cause of the mental distress which promped the author to write this text.  A very popular account, although never substantiated, is that this text was an outgrowth of Matheson's fiancee's leaving him just before their married when she learned of his impending total blindness.  Although this story cannot be documented, there are many significant hints in this hymn reflecting a saddened heart, such as the "flickering torch" and the "borrowed ray." in the second stanza, the tracing of the "rainbow through the rain" in the third stanza, as well as the "cross" in the last verse.

Innellan Manse, Matheson's birthplace, is were he wrote this becautiful hymn.  Fornunately, D. Matheson did leave an account of his writing of this hymn:


My hymn was composed in the manse of Innellan on the evening of the 6th of June, 1882.
I was at that time alone.  It was the day of my sister's marriage,
and the rest of the family were staying overnight in Glasgow.
Something happened to me, which was known only to myself,
and which caused me the most severe mental suffering.
The hymn was the fruit of that suffering.
It was the quickest bit of work I ever did in my life.
I had the impression rather of having it dictated to me by some inward voice ...
than of working it out myself.
I am quite sure that the whole work was completed in five minutes,
and equally sure it never received at my hands any retouching or correction.
I have no natural gift of rhythm. 
All the other verses I have ever written are manufactured articles;
this came like a dayspring from on high.
I have never been able to gain once more the same fervor in verse.


The four key words or symbols of "O Love That Wilt Not Let Me Go" are LOVE, LIGHT, JOY, CROSS.  These words have been described as the total fulfillment for any believer whose life is totally committed to the will of God.  One could probe for considerable time the depth and personal significance of these four expressions.


Click photo of hymn to enlarge.

Monday, July 15, 2013

This Prayer: The 'HEART AND SOUL' of J. Frank Norris

Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place throughout all generations. Before the mountains were brought forth, of ever thou hast formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting thou art God. We confess our helplessness this morning. There is no good thing within us.  Our strength is all weakness. Our wisdom is foolishness. But we can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth us.

And as little children that come to their fathers and mothers, we come unto thee today, for thou hast said, “How much more shall you heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask Him.”

Breathe upon this great audience thine own self, and may this be a bethel to the lives of all that come here today. It is not too much to ask of thee that those who shall come receive life everlasting.

We give grateful thanks for thy manifold blessings to those who hear the gospel; to God be all the glory. And may salvation come to many today, here and at the tabernacle this afternoon and evening.

O Lord, revive thy work in our midst, in the midst of the years make known, in wrath remember mercy. Our land is in turmoil, the world is in an awful storm.  But our Savior is on board. He can guide in the storm.

Lord, help us today to resign ourselves to thy holy will as never before, and as clay in the potter’s hand to be molded, to be used. And when the battle’s over, and our tired bodies crumble to dust, and our spirits go where the spirit of just men are made perfect, one look - one look - on the face of our Lord will be glory enough.

Bless the strangers within our gates, hearts that are broken, souls that are heavy with sorrow - help us all to put our hands in the mighty hand of God.

We ask for Christ’s sake, Amen.

~ J. Frank Norris

Friday, April 26, 2013

Letter from Dr. Louis Entzminger, Norris' Closet Associate

J. Frank Norris
My First Meeting of Dr. Norris
By Rev. Louis Entzminger
In August 1913 I received the following telegram:
"Would you consider becoming superintendent First Baptist Sunday School at your present salary? If so come to Fort Worth our expense."
In two or three weeks I headed for Fort Worth. I had never seen this far West before. On the train between Dallas and Fort Worth I purchased a Fort Worth paper, and in that paper I read paragraph which stated that the Judge of the District Court, on motion of the state's attorney himself had dismissed charges against Dr. J. Frank Norris for burning his church.
When I arrived, and while talking with his secretary, in a few minutes, a slim, tall, boyish looking fellow came walking in. He looked very much like a bean pole dressed in a gray suit, and I could not believe it for some seconds when he shook hands with me and said, "This is Norris."
Although a youngster myself I had had considerable experience in dealing with people in business, in schools and in religious circles, and it did not take me long to observe the penetrating gray eyes that pierced me through.
I do not know what his first sight opinion of me was, but I am frank to say he presented a problem to me. It was not until I had left Fort Worth, after this first visit, that I observed the characteristic of Dr. Norris that my years of experience in association with him has justified � a sense of fairness in dealing with man, and wanting him to get all the facts and come to his own conclusion.
I was anxious for a conference with an old friend, who was in be Seminary in Fort Worth. In a little while we were alone, and he proceeded to tell me the whole story, presenting both sides of he question as fairly as I believe it could possibly be done:
"Norris was a great preacher" � "Large crowds attended his services" � "multitudes were saved." Well, this certainly was encouraging, but the other side of the question:
Many of the preachers and pastors of the leading churches,
[p. 54]
denominational leaders, newspaper editorials, the city government, the county government, were against him � many, many unfavor�able things.
I rode on the train from Georgetown to Louisville with Dr. J. B. Gambrell, and we had a most interesting visit. He was kind enough to give me the names of some good men who would talk to me frankly about Norris and the church and the situation there. I had the names of these men in my notebook.
Two of them, especially, I discovered in my conference with this student friend that these two men were Norris's friends and supporters, active members of his church. Dr. Gambrell's talk had left a most favorable impression on me concerning Norris, yet there was a serious question in my mind.
This seminary friend said:
"Norris is accused by the preachers as being an opportunist, of putting over many shrewd schemes."
He then stated one which was about as follows:

The seminary, opened on Tuesday, but many students arrived in Fort Worth on Friday, and said some married students, with their families. And because of the great publicity given Norris in the daily papers, all over the state of Texas and the Southwest and in the Texas Baptist Standard, it seemed these students flocked to the First Baptist Church for Sunday night's service. Norris had several rows of seats down front reserved. During the opening part of his services that night with a packed house he had asked all the preachers and their wives to stand. There were a hundred or more � then he invited them from all over the building to these reserved seats, preached a great and impressive sermon that moved the audience to tears, concluding with an invitation to pro�fess Christ, and to join the church on a profession of faith and baptism, or by letter, and some seventy-five of these ministerial students, some of them with their wives, united with the church. It seems that the preachers at the seminary thought this was a crime.
Frankly it greatly impressed me. Any preacher who could preach to a packed house and have 20 or 30 people saved and was so powerful in his message, and in spite of all the unfavorable publicity about him, receive 75 young seminary students into his church membership, certainly must have the confidence of a great many people and know how to win people to Christ and to church membership.
[p. 55]
Naturally I wanted to go to Fort Worth. Instead of this "scheme" reacting unfavorably, it greatly impressed me.
Other incidents related unfavorable to Norris were of similar nature.
Jealousy of Good Men

It did not take me long to feel that possibly because of the great crowds he preached to and the tremendous results from his ministry, he would naturally create more or less jealousy even with good men.
I had a visit with one of these laymen whose name Dr. Gambrell had given me. I accidently ran into him where the new church was being constructed. I gave no intimation to him I was making any inquiry about Dr. Norris, but in a few minutes he opened up, and although a very conservative man, he soon had me almost en�thusiastic over Norris.
But still there were questions in my mind as to the character of a man against whom so many accusations had been made, who had been tried in the courts, and although cleared yet had a host of enemies among the leaders in every phase of life in the City of Fort Worth.
The newspapers were bitterly opposed to him, and took every occasion to publish unfavorable news. Certain leaders in the Bap�tist denomination, while very careful in what they would say were unfavorable to Norris. I found out later why, and so have others found out.
The one question in my mind was, what about this man's character?
I met Mrs. J. Frank Norris � a beautiful, smiling, charming, sparkling personality. I am frank to say she completely won me almost instantly. The opinion I formed of her at that time I have never had any occasion to change. She has grown on me through the years. I was convinced then that she was a most remarkable woman.
Saw Norris Perform First Major Operation

When I reached the tabernacle Sunday evening, had it not been for his aid I doubt if I could have gotten in hearing distance. It seemed to me everybody in Fort Worth was there. The tabernacle was packed and jammed; the seats all around filled. The preacher in a large stone church just across the street was preaching to a
[p. 56]
little handfull, while the steps of his church was packed with Norris's audience, and all around the wall of his church men and women stood to hear Norris.
It is true he was preaching on a sensational subject � "The Ten Biggest Devils in Fort Worth, Names Given," but I had never dreamed of anything like what appeared as I finally, with Norris, had gotten in the tabernacle and to the platform.
Language to describe my experience as I looked over that im�mense multitude, I could not possibly command.
Dr. Norris got up after a rousing gospel song service led by an attorney, it seemed that all of the eight or ten thousand people � it looked like twenty-five thousand � had joined in those old gospel songs. It was tremendously impressive. He stood there making some announcements, looking humility personified. I could but wonder if he were not embarrassed by the tremendous audience. What in the world had all this crowd come out for? Was this little slim bean pole, dressed up in gray, adequate to such an occasion? He was very cool and calm, and calculating, also, in�tensely human. I was really afraid for him, so defenseless.
It did not take long to thoroughly disillusion me. Quietly he preceded to discuss some local matters � and then I observed his fingers for the first time. They were long and keen as railroad spikes. I observed them as he pointed out certain facts with refer�ence to outstanding men who it seems had been using their influence against him.
He proved that one of them had a room in a certain hotel, although a married man with a family, where he entertained the ladies with beer and champagne parties; that this outstanding business man had a speaking tube from this hotel to the saloon through which he conveyed his orders to the bartender, and then the man who built the speaking tube, a long tall rowbone carpenter stood up to testify to the truth of what Norris had stated. Names were called. It scared me out of my wits.
Well, I was stunned at the courage, the boldness and the gameness with which this explosion came.
I could hardly realize where I was or what was going on.
Another one of these outstanding men was figuratively put on the stand, name called, and his record as proven by a number of facts presented, certainly looked bad, and then another with the same results, and then another � remember these were the leading men of the city.
[p. 57]
And finally the outstanding man, possibly of the whole city, owner of the great daily paper, head of the biggest firm of lawyers, not only in Fort Worth, but in the Southwest. It seems that his paper had been making vigorous attacks on Norris, and that the editor of this paper had been one of the leaders in the fight against Norris. I believe he was on the grand jury, possibly, foreman of the grand jury that framed the indictment against Norris, and Norris had charged that this paper was, at least in part, owned by the brewery interests, and that it was dominated by the liquor interests. This charge had been vigorously denied.
When Norris finished his address after an hour and half, although it seemed like only a few minutes to me, it seemed he had invited all these men to be present, and he invited them then and there to the platform to make any reply they wished to make, and to my utter surprise, a large handsomely dressed gentleman walked to the platform and started to speak. I discovered then for the first time that the audience was divided. He was cheered by some and hooted by others. Dr. Norris stepped forward and quieted the audience and pleaded with them for a respectful and attentive hearing.
The speaker had no trouble from then on until he asked Dr. Norris a question, "What business of this is yours?" he said with reference to the ownership of his paper. The tall, pale spindling preacher made a charge pointing his finger at the big attorney.
I shall never forget the words with which he replied, and very cooly, and in clarion voice that could be heard by all the thousands said:
"That's exactly the way with you fellows � you control the street car system and the newspapers and run the liquor business, and use the newspapers as an instrument to create sentiment, and then you ask what business of mine it is who runs the newspapers?"
Well, by this time this prominent lawyer was shaking like an aspen leaf and having asked a question, certainly had to be fair enough to be asked a question, and Norris was quick as lightning in attacking at this point.
He asked the big attorney and owner of the daily newspaper if it were not a fact that one of the brewing companies, calling the name of it, owned stock in his paper. It was one of the most tense moments I have ever seen in my life. The lawyer hesitated and tried to sidestep, but the preacher held him on the spot until he blustered out excitedly,
[p. 58]
"Yes, they own" � this was as far as he got.
At this admission the greater part of that tremendous audi�ence cheered for almost five minutes. This was the end of the meeting. The corporation attorney disappeared instantaneously. The great mass of humanity rushed up to Norris, who stood calm and victorious, as David over Goliath.
It was during and at the close of this service that the final question as to my going to Fort Worth was decided. No man would make such a bold and courageous attack upon these big business leaders, prove his case and win the applause of possibly ten thousand people, if there was the least soiled spot on his character. I was convinced absolutely beyond question and accepted the place with Dr. Norris and the First Baptist Church.
Many who were exceedingly anxious for me to come felt that it would have been much more impressive upon me had Norris preached a great sermon. But that would not have settled the question in my mind as it was decided that night. I have thought about it a great many times, and I am satisfied that the hand of God was in it all. It was a case of where Romans 8:28 fits exactly: "And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose."
Second Chapter
Superintendent First Baptist Sunday School

I found that in the early spring of 1913 a large group of the most prominent and influential members of the church left the First Baptist Church and joined other Baptist churches in the city. This included the superintendent of the Sunday School and all the departmental superintendents except one, and most of the teaching staff.
This opposition to Dr. Norris in the early winter and spring of 1913, many of the wealthy were either excluded or secured letters and left the church at practically the same time.
Norris Won By Revival
The story I have upon good authority, of this division in the church was told me by a man who was opposed to Dr. Norris and who went out with the group. He said, we wanted Norris to resign, he was creating such a stir in Fort Worth fighting the liquor crowd, and as he put it, almost everything and everybody else in the city felt that way. "We desired to take our summer vacation
[p. 59]
and then come back and get rid of Norris. While we were away for the three or four summer months Norris was in a continuous revival meeting, and when we got back we found that he had had more than 500 additions to the church while we were away. Many of those joining knew nothing of us whatever. We had no power or influence with them, and before we knew it we were entirely out of the picture. Norris could take that crowd and could have turned us everyone out if he had wanted to. Where we made the mistake was in not putting him out before we went off on our summer vacations."
It was easy to see as I had begun the work that the most of the members of the church were new and inexperienced.
To secure a teaching staff of over 100 out of this group was no easy task. Twenty or more of those put on the teaching staff had just been received into the church, in fact some of them had not been baptized yet but were awaiting baptism.
It was in connection with this work that I came to know Mrs. J. Frank Norris. She was my "right hand man." She helped me to select everyone of the teachers and officers, and on Sunday morning, October 1st, there was a total attendance of 266 present. We entered into the new church building, although unfinished, and there I formed between 75 and 80 classes. Out of the 266, many of the teachers had no class at all, just a list of prospects out of which to build a class. In four weeks the attendance had gone from 266 to over 700.
The average attendance of the Sunday School the first twelve months, from the first Sunday in October 1913 to the first Sunday in October, 1914, was approximately 1000.
We received out of the Sunday school over 300 members, men, women, boys and girls.
I do not know when Norris prepared his sermons. We both went night and day, going "from house to house," winning souls, building up the congregation and the Bible School.
Naturally there were those who disagreed with Norris in his policy and methods. Immediately they began to pour their com�plaints in my ears. The first one was one of the main deacons in the church.
He took me in a big Cadillac and started telling me about Norris's handling of finances, offering all kinds of criticism. I told him I thought we ought to get Norris and have a conference
[p. 60]
and straighten matters up. When I told him that he threw up his hands and said, "I would not have Norris to know anything about this for anything." I told him immediately there were no secrets between me and any member of the church where Dr. Norris was involved, and when I had finished a few remarks from the platform the following Sunday morning, there was no further criticism of Dr. Norris during my association with him in Fort Worth from members of the church.
The financial conditions were bad and financing the work was an exceedingly difficult matter.
When my first month's salary was due, it was not paid. I had discovered the financial condition was serious and waited a day or two without saying anything about it. But finally being hard pressed I mentioned it to Dr. Norris on Saturday. I think up to that time he did not know I had not been paid. At any rate that afternoon about five o'clock we went to a department store and I received my salary in cash from Dr. Norris' own hand. I found out later that he had called a man in Dallas that morning and borrowed it personally and had this man to call this department store man�ager who was a personal friend of his and have him pay the money to Dr. Norris.
Norris Gives Offerings From Meetings To Church
It was amusing to me to hear enemies of Dr. Norris criticise him on financial matters in connection with the church when I knew of my own personal experience and observation that he had gone out and held meetings to get money to pay my salary with. I saw him a number of times, in fact was with him in several meet�ings when every penny of offerings given him for three or four weeks meetings was placed in the church treasury to pay the obli�gations of the church.
When I began personal visitation I had had no experience and without letting Dr. Norris know it I planned some visitation for us to do together. I never shall forget the first visit we made. I hud secured the information in the census. We went to see a mother who claimed to have been a member of a church some�where in the country whose husband was lost. We had two of their children in Sunday School.
When we knocked at the door she came, and she hesitated as she opened it. Norris looked at her and said, "This is Mr. Norris."
[p. 61]
She was wiping her hands on an old fashioned gingham apron. She looked at him with a vengeance. From her looks I would not have been surprised if she had knocked him out the door and slammed it in his face. She seemed to be indignant. He managed somehow, I do not know how, to get inside. She did not want to see us; did not want to have anything to do with us, but in his tactful, kindly way we got in, and before I realized it we were seated, and he was asking her if he might read a passage from the Word of God. Before she had time to reply he was reading. Before reading the Scripture he had put his hand tenderly and kindly on both of the children's heads and gotten both their names. When he finished reading the Scripture he asked if we might pray, but without waiting for an answer we were all on our knees. Incidentally, I do not know when I ever heard a prayer that affected me as this prayer did. He prayed for this dear mother in such kind and tender words. In his prayer he talked about his own dear mother who loved God and who taught him the Scriptures at her knee, and he prayed that this mother who had the same God his mother had and the same Bible his mother had might be guided and blessed and rear her children in the fear and love of God; that she might have wisdom and grace and strength for the task. Then he prayed for each one of the little children by name and then for her husband who was a railroad engineer. I felt the very presence of God in the room. When we got up I turned away from them to wipe the tears from my eyes, but as I turned to look at her, great tears were streaming down her cheeks. She had not been able to speak for the moment. God had done His work that had changed the whole atmosphere, and in a moment this woman who was indignant because Dr. Norris had called, was unburdening her heart to him.
She had married this young railroad man twelve years before and moved from the country community and the old country church to Fort Worth.
Her husband took to drinking and as soon as he dismounted from his engine in the railroad yards as he came off his run he went to the saloon. She would often see very little of him while he was in Fort Worth. He would sober up just long enough before leaving on the next run to be ready for the task. He spent his salary for drink. The house was poorly furnished, the children poorly clad. She finally confessed, however as much as she might like to come to the Sunday School and church that she had no
[p. 62]
clothes � that she was not able to clothe them adequately for church and Sunday School attendance. I never will forget the result of this visit. The next Sunday morning this mother with two little children were in the First Baptist Sunday School when the invitation was given at the close of the eleven o'clock service she was on the front seat asking to be restored to fellowship.
It was four weeks later at the close of a day long to be re�membered when this husband and railroad engineer fell at the front seat in the church, buried his hands in his face and wept tears of repentance, and was gloriously saved at the close of the Sunday evening service.
On that memorable day 76 people came into the membership of the First Baptist Church!
But in spite of the favor and blessing of God upon the chrch and pastor, a large number of people saved and great increase in the Sunday School attendance, the enemies continued to work, and before the close of the first year of my connection a new indict�ment was secured against Dr. Norris for the same offense of which he had been cleared by twelve jurors.
Personally I was stunned. I could not understand it at all. I had been in the most intimate and inner circle of the Norris family and the church. I could not possibly conceive of such a thing as guilt on his part.
He went to make bond and waive commitment trial, but the thing was all evidently fixed, a new campaign of publicity against Norris was to be put on and the most unusual thing I have ever heard of was done. The court did not waive the commitment trial, but demanded that the case be tried before a Justice of Peace before being passed on to the Superior Court. This was done, and the purpose in the mind of the conspirators prosecuting him was served.
A new witness testified � I heard his testimony � that at 3 o'clock in the morning of the burning of the church he was load�ing his milk wagon on Third Street near Throckmorton at the creamery ready for his morning delivery. Looking back toward the church on the corner of Third and Taylor Streets, the other end of the block he saw a man coming out of the church who had on a certain kind of hat, black overcoat, and he described the collar and tie, in fact the dress of the man, and said because of the bright arc light that was burning, as well as the light burning
[p. 63]
over the church door he distinctly and clearly saw the man and knew who it was. It was a tense moment in the court room. The attorney asked,
"Who was the man?"
And he said, "Dr. J. Frank Norris."
The witness finished loading his milk wagon and drove away. He had hardly gotten to the south side of the city when he no�ticed that there was a fire, and it was in the direction of the First Baptist Church to which everybody was hastening. The church was burned and Norris was seen by this witness coming out of the church and could be clearly distinguished a block away because of a light over the church door and the big arc light over the street in front.
The papers issued extras and headlined it in box car letters,
"NORRIS WAS GUILTY BEYOND QUESTION" � "and ere long he would be behind prison walls."
He made bond of course, and in spite of his urging immediate trial in the superior court everything was put off as long as pos�sible. And every effort to embarrass, humiliate and disgrace a man and his family that could possibly be made was then furthered.
Norris had fought to clean up the red light district. He had done everything in the world to put the saloon out of business.
Numbers of drunkards were converted under his ministry and I saw him baptize hundreds of them myself.
The Testimony of the Light Company Exposes the Frame Up
The trial in the district court was finally forced by Norris, and if at any time there was any embarrassment or it in any way affected him, mentally, spiritually, or otherwise he concealed it perfectly from me. If anything, he seemed to preach with greater power and effectiveness while at the same time all the powers of darkness were moved against him and the church, and yet the work grew and multiplied and multitudes of hardened sinners came confessing Christ and were baptized.
When the trial came up this perjurer who swore in the com�mitment trial that he saw Dr. Norris more than a block away come out of the church under the arc light, when he got on the witness stand he was confronted with the records of the light and
[p. 64]
power company of Fort Worth. These records showed there was a full moon, and that the light of the streets were turned off that night at 8 o'clock, and the time of the fire was two o'clock in the morning.
Then this perjured witness changed his testimony and said that it was the moon and not the arc light.
And the most terrible tense moment I ever saw took place in that court room.
Norris' attorney asked, "Who told you to change your tes�timony?"
The witness looked over toward the hired prosecution and the district attorney, "The district attorney, Mr. John W. Baukin, told me to change it."
That ended the conspiracy.
And I was in for another experience unlike anything I have ever witnessed before or since. The court room was turned into a revival meeting. There were several preachers in the court room who had been against Norris. They broke down and wept. The whole court room was bathed in tears. "Old Time Religion" and other revival songs were sung. People were converted. It was a most remarkable manifestation of the power and presence of God.
This was on Saturday. The question in my rnind was what the preacher would do on Sunday. Now would be his chance, and he would most assuredly make a drive against his enemies. That is what everybody thought. I did not know.
The crowd was there on Sunday night. "And he cut off the hem of his garment."
The house was packed and possibly as many people on the out�side as were on the inside. It was one of the most tender and effective messages I ever listened to � how that David had an oppor�tunity to slay his enemy and finish him up, but instead of doing it he clipped off a piece of the skirt of his garment and showed it to his enemy after he had gone some distance, to convince him that he could have slain him had he chosen to do so, but that the life of his enemy was in the hands of God. The climax to that message was how like the Christ who died for a world that hated him, and quoting, Romans 5:9, "But God comrnendeth his love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."
[p. 65]
At the conclusion of the sermon a multitude of people were saved. It was one of the greatest services I ever witnessed.
After this victory in the court room the growth of the church, including the Sunday School was more remarkable if possible than formerly. There was a great turning to the First Baptist, Church.
I am including here an editorial by Dr. J. B. Gambrell who was the editor of the Baptist Standard, published at Dallas, Texas, which gives his opinion and judgment in the Norris trials in Fort Worth, also an editorial by the Texas Christian Advocate, the Methodist paper for Texas:
The Whole Business a Colossal Frame-Up of Wickedness in Which
the Machinery of the Law Has Been Seized and Used
to Ruin an Innocent Man in Order to Screen
Guilty Men" � J. B. Gambrell
Dr. J. B. Gambrell was editor of the Baptist Standard at that time and May 2, 1912, on the front page of the Standard under title, "The Vindication of Pastor Norris," Dr. J. B. Gambrell wrote the following editorial:
"The remarkable trial in Fort Worth, which has held the atten�tion of the State and country for weeks, came to an end in a most triumphant way for Pastor J. F. Norris of the First Baptist Church, Fort Worth. The indictment was for perjury, but the trial was for perjury and arson. The verdict was 'Not guilty.' The whole country had rendered the verdict on the evidence in advance of the jury.
"Not in the history of America, perhaps, was there ever an indictment brought in by a grand jury on as flimsy and shadowy pretense of evidence. Nor was ever an indictment framed under more questionable circumstances. But that a grand jury would bring in an indictment against one occupying a place so exalted as that of pastor of a great church, and following a series of such crimes as had been committed in Fort Worth gave the country pause. The trial revealed a condition in and around that grand jury reprehensible and regrettable to the last degree.
"Not doubting for a moment that the underworld was beneath the prosecution of the pastor, making the atmosphere for it and filling Fort Worth with its spirit; and not doubting that Pastor Norris was innocent of the charge laid against him, I neverless felt that prudence, a decent regard for even the forrne of law, as
[p. 66]
well as the ends of justice, dictated an attitude of waiting. This was the attitude of the country at large and of ministers in par�ticular. The comparative silence of the Standard was in deference to civic decorum. But, now in words as plain as can be written, I give my conviction that
"That indictment was an outrage.
"The situation in Fort Worth was unfriendly to a fair trial. Passion was deeply stirred. Prejudice was rife. The forces of evil in Fort Worth are very strong, with ramifications widespread, per�sonal matters, no way related to the case, unhappily became in�volved. The long and persistent war of Brother Norris on the allied and shameful vices of the city lay in the background. Put�ting everything together, the situation did not promise well for the defendant. That a verdict of 'not guilty' could be had under the conditions obtaining is highly gratifying and honoring to the spirit of justice which rose superior to partisan prejudice, and pronounced a righteous judgment. Great credit is due the twelve men who measured up to a high trust and vindicated the right.
"The First Church, as a body, stood by the pastor, and were present in large numbers when the verdict was brought in. The Dallas News correspondents thus describe the scene that followed the announcement 'not guilty':
"Following the reading of this verdict there was a remarkable demonstration. Dr. Norris was not in the court room at the time, having gone to the home of a friend to rest, but scores of women and other friends crowded about Mrs. Norris, sobs shaking their voices as they extended congratulations. Others were more demon�strative and gave a shrill cheer. In a moment this had swelled to what, might be called a storm of rejoicing. Almost hysterical laughter, cheers, handclappirig, the stamping of feet, all contributed to the noise.
"Demonstration Renewed
"Finally order was restored sufficiently to permit of the formal discharge of the jury, with the thanks of the court. This done, the demonstration was renewed. Someone began to sing 'Old-Time Religion' and scores joined in until the swelling chorus reminded one of the singing at a revival meeting. That hymn was succeeded by 'We Shall Meet on the Beautiful Shore'; 'Nearer My God to Thee'; 'There Is a Great Day Coming,' and 'Are You Ready?'
[p. 67]
"Dr. Norris Arrives
"It was at this juncture that Dr. Norris arrived at the court room. He had been notified by telephone of the result and had re�sponded in great haste. As he came in the door he was greeted with the Chautauqua salute and cheered. After greeting Mrs. Norris very affectionately, he personally thanked the jury, while the crowd sang 'We Praise Thee, O Lord,' 'Revive Us Again' and 'How Firm a Foundation.' This last hymn was started by Hon. O. S. Lattimore. Mr. Norris was called upon to speak, and at last, replying to some utterance by Mr. Lattimore, said:
"Confident of Acquittal
" 'Yes, I will say something, and it will be the first time I have had anything to say publicly in this matter. I have been confident of the result all along, and this ending today simply confirms that confidence. I am only going to say a few words, but 1 will have something to say next Sunday night. I will have a few plain words to say, then, just a few.
"Victim of Prejudice
" 'My friends, when fifteen years ago I went down into the water as a symbol of Christianity, I never even imagined that I could ever by any possibility stand before any of my fellow citizens as one accused of crime. And now, the victim of passion and prejudice as I have been, I want publicly to express my appreciation of the friends who have stood by me. But first of all, I want to lay the crown of laurels on the head of my wife, whose sustaining cheer, comfort and strengthening can simply never be told.
"Thanks His Friends
" 'To my friends who have gone down in this valley of trial with me I also give thanks. I can not undertake to name them. There are too many. But to one and all of them go my heartfelt thanks.
" 'To my counsel � the fifteen lawyers who struggled for the right � there was much comment on the number, fifteen, but it could just as well have been five hundred as fifteen if I had taken them all � also go my grateful thanks.
"'To the jurors who have so nobly done their duty to them�selves, to justice, and to their State, a jury of the fair, honest, im�partial citizenship of Tarrant County, who have given their aid in the vindication of my good name, that of my wife, that of my
[p. 68]
children, that of the pastor of the First Baptist Church and the membership of that church � to them are special thanks due.
" 'As to the enemies�'
"Forgiveness for Enemies
"Here Mr. Lattimore and Mr. Doyle, of Mr. Norris' counsel, made some suggestions that could not be heard. Mr. Norris made a low-voiced reply to them and then said aloud: 'I know just what I am going to say, and I am not going to say too much. As to the enemies, I have none but the kindest feelings and not a harsh or unkind word to say. Some have been swept from their feet in this matter, influenced maybe by loud and continued talk, misrepresen�tations in newspapers or by other influences. Whatever the cause, I repeat I have only the kindest, charitable feelings.'
"Dr. Gambrell Pays Tribute to J. M. Gaddy
"Such a scene is not often witnessed in this world, and no heart can resist its pathos. I can but enter into this joyous scene to the full. The woman most conspicuous in it is the daughter of J. M. Gaddy, than whom Texas never had a more valiant soldier for the right. He was brother to my soul. I joined this woman in holy wedlock to the man by whose side she walked these days in the fiery furnace of trial and all the time in the dauntless spirit of her noble sire.
"The verdict might have been properly instructed by the Judge, for the prosecution stood at the end with not the decent shadow of a case. The defense not only destroyed the case of the prosecution, but on the arson part of the case, made out an affirm�ative case as impregnable as Gibraltar.
"This is an hour for forgiveness and forgetting. In the stress of the battle natural friends may have wounded each other. Vision was blurred. Mischief makers have been in their heyday. Pastor Norris' words of forgiveness suit a great hour. They were well anil nobly spoken. Let all hearts respond and all live up to a high duty and privilege. There is no time for personal wars. The great church must go on with its work. The preacher must proclaim the divine message of peace and good will, living it as well as preaching it. The work of controlling evil is ever with us and must be pushed. Fort Worth has a duty to perform to herself. She ought to inaugurate a campaign for civic righteousness to redeem herself from her bad condition.
[p. 69]
"A Colossal Frame-Up of Wickedness
"It has been given out that the arson indictment against Pastor Norris is to be prosecuted harder than the perjury indict�ment was. The country has come with great unanimity to the belief that the whole business is a colossal frame-up of wickedness in which the machinery of the law has been seized and used to ruin an innocent man in order to screen guilty men. The complete play-out of the perjury case, the utter inefficiency of the evidence, even total lack of any evidence in the case, has settled public opin�ion as to the grand jury, the legal adviser of the jury and the whole business. Hon. O. S. Lattimore did not put it too strong when he said it was a disgrace to the State."
Dr. Gambrell was editor of the Baptist Standard and the edi�torial above was published May 2, 1912.
"The Advocate" on the Trial
Leading editorial of the Texas Christian Advocate, official organ of the M. E. Church, South, says in the issue of May 2, 1912:
" 'The effect of the verdict was not simply a vindication of Dr. Norris from the charge of perjury, but it was a rebuke to the grand jury which found the indictment. It would seem to mean that the grand jury had little, if any ground for the indictment. The defense contended that it was personal ill-will toward the minister and a disposition to do him all the injury possible re�gardless of the evidence involved. That ill-will realized that the trial would give an opportunity to abuse and vilify Dr. Norris and present him before the community in the worst light possible, and that this would compensate for their failure to convict him. In proof of this a certain juryman, a venerable citizen of nearly sixty years' residence in the county and a member of the grand jury, but who voted against the indictment, testified that a jury�man said to him, just before the indictment was voted, 'I do not believe myself that we have enough evidence to indict him,' but soon thereafter voted for the indictment."
Threats on Norris' Life
A number of times to my personal knowledge, Norris' life was threatened, sometimes by individuals and sometimes by groups.
In the midst of the hottest prohibition fight any city ever had, a group of the outstanding men of Fort Worth held a meeting
[p. 70]
at which they voted unanimously to run Norris out of town. They notified him that he was to never speak again or appear on the streets of Fort Worth, and they gave him 30 days, I think, to get out of the city, and so notified him.
The first I knew about it was late one afternoon I saw hand bills passed out as I passed along one of the streets announcing,
"J. FRANK NOERIS SPEAKS TONIGHT AT THE CORNER OF FIFTEENTH AND MAIN AT SEVEN O'CLOCK."
In that handbill the threat of these men was quoted, and he was speaking there directly in the face of the order for him never to do so any more. It developed that he had received this order and threat and since he could get no advertisement in the newspaper he had ordered 25,000 copies of this handbill distributed all over the city of Fort Worth.
The atmosphere was so tense I felt sure that there would be trouble at 15th and Main that night.
I debated the question as to whether I should go there or not. I thought my days of physical encounter with men had passed when I left the turpentine camp of Florida where often drunken and unruly labor had to be dealt with, and sometimes severe measures had to be taken.
However, I could not find Norris anywhere, and when speaking time came I found my way to the advertised place. And of all the mobs I ever saw � well, they were certainly there.
The streets were packed and jammed; half the city was there, and in great confusion. There were three saloons, if not four, one on each corner at this particular place.
He stood in a Ford roadster to speak. There certainly was a mob spirit there.
It developed soon that Norris had several thousand very warm rooters and supporters present. It could have developed into a very serious situation. Norris led that excited mob in singing "The Sweet By and By." It quieted the whole crowd and they listened attentively.
Another experience I shall not forget to my dying day � it was during this same prohibition fight, a friend of Norris' came walking up to the church one day just as he and I started out to go some place. The friend's face was almost white as a sheet,
[p. 71]
and he was trembling with great excitement, saying, "Dr. Norris, let me beg you not to go down the street, you stay right here" � I will not quote the man's name. He was one of the leading real estate men of Fort Worth, and is now one of the best friends Norris has � "he says that the first time he lays his eyes on you he is going to shoot your heart out," and he is right down there now at the corner of Sixth and Main, and he said, "I beg you not to go that way."
Norris looked at me and said, "Come on, Entz" � brushed by the man making some nonchalant response and off we went, and to my surprise and amazement, and I might add almost to my consternation, he proceeded forthwith to Sixth and Main Streets.
Between Fifth and Sixth on Main Street was the largest bank in the city. In front of this bank was an old time hitching rack. Standing there leaning upon that was this real estate man who was going to kill Norris on first sight, talking to another man.
Norris and I arm in arm, turned up the street directly to the place where these men were standing talking. He did the turn�ing � I reluctantly � almost had to turn with him. I simply knew the fire works was going to come off. All my past life came up before me as I thought of every mean thing I had done and what my wife would do without me. I did not want to be buried in Fort Worth or be shipped back to Florida where most of my relatives were at that time; I wondered about my insurance. My mind was working like lightning, and my feet were not going in the direction of my heart's desire. But there was nothing else to do.
We walked to the entrance of the bank in ten feet of the place where this man who was going to kill Norris on first sight was standing talking. As we walked up to the bank Norris turned his back to the entrance where this man was standing, picked up a magazine off the display stand; we stood there just a moment, but there was no effort on the part of this man who was going to kill Norris on first sight to make any movement in that di�rection.
To my amazement and very great delight he and the man to whom he was talking, while we paused in ten feet of them, turned
[p. 72]
away and went angling across the street to the other side and off down the street somewhere. I was so relieved I paid very little attention to where they went except that they had left that immediate vicinity.
Norris looked at me with what seemed to me then as disdain and said,
"Entz, that's the only way to handle this crowd. If they had the least idea you are afraid of them they would kill you."
And I am sure now he was right.
I have been in all kinds of experiences with this man, and I say beyond all question he fears no one but God.
And yet I do not believe there is a man living � indeed this will surprise many people I am sure � that would avoid trouble, that would almost be imposed on rather than have difficulty.
His patience in dealing with difficult situations, his evident desire to avoid difficulty surprised me many times. While he will not run from it, I know of no man who would use greater endeavor to avoid difficulty with anybody. But I certainly am sorry for the other man when that patience comes to an end.
I would not be telling the truth to say that Norris does not like a flight, and yet as I look back over the history of the past 22 years, in almost every one of the major difficulties with de�nominational leadership, and the evolutionists and modernists, along with political office holders and others whom he has engaged in public discussion, either on moral or religious questions, tak�ing into consideration his conviction, it would have been practically impossible to have avoided them.
In all of the trying experiences I have been through with J. Fank Norris there has always been a sense of humor, and in fact many humorous experiences. He has gotten off some good jokes on me, some of them made out of whole cloth, and they are good, I will confess.
I remember several that he enjoyed hugely. I, too, after it was over with. As an illustration, he had been making an attack on the indecent moving' picture shows and fighting the open�ing of the moving picture shows on Sunday, had spoken before the Legislature on the matter, preached on it, and in fact had done everything possible to keep the shows from opening on Sunday in Fort Worth, and the moving picture people certainly had
[p. 73]
no use for him. One of the largest moving picture houses in the city of Fort Worth was owned by a Jew. (This man is now one of Norris' best friends.)
We were trying to find room for extra Sunday School classes. I suggested we might rent one of the moving picture buildings on Sunday. Norris seemed to thrill to the idea, carried me to this big theater and said, "You go in and see what you can do about getting it."
"Tell him you will be glad to pay him for it," etc.
I thought he was going to see somebody else next door. I went in and approached the owner of the moving picture show about the matter. He asked me like a flash,
"Aren't you associated with Norris?"
I said, "I am superintendent of the Sunday School up there."
Everything else I heard for the next two or three minutes was "blankety! blankety! blank! I quietly retired, somewhat confused and in fact fighting mad � not angry, just fighting mad. Norris pretended to be busy looking for somebody or something, but in a few minutes the whole situation dawned on me, he had been splitting his sides laughing at the way that theater owner was "cussing" me out.
I forgave him for it long ago. In fact did it then.
Yes, we had lots of fun together.
One of the most unusual experiences we have ever had was the story he told on me about pulling people out of bed at night to win them to Christ. We were both young and strong at the time and went night and day. When he prepared his sermons I don't know. The biggest part of the time for nearly four years we were going night and day after people. I have never kept any records much on anything I have done. I know lots of people who have kept files of advertisements in newspapers, articles about pictures, diaries and all kinds of things, the number of marriages performed, number of people baptized. I have no records whatever on these things; all I have is the record in my memory of the many wonderful experiences that J. Frank Norris and I had together in winning people to Christ � if all were written it would fill many volumes � night and day, summer and winter, hot and cold, sunshine and rain, morning, noon and night we have gone from house to house seeking to win people to Jesus Christ.
There was a railroad man and his wife, large, stout people, both of them. 1 hud been to see them several times, could not find
[p. 74]
them at home. The woman had told me her husband would be there a certain night � they had been misinformed like multiplied thousands of others about Norris. I wanted to meet him, so Norris was visiting with me that evening. We went by the house early in the evening and again they were not at home. We came back that way after making a number of calls. It must have been around 10 o'clock at night. Norris insisted it was too late, but I rang the door bell anyway. A light went on � I called him from the car where he was seated in front of the house, as he got to the door the man opened it. He was dressed in an old fashioned all-over-everything night gown almost dragging the floor. He looked about like a bale of cotton rolling around. We apologized for disturbing them at that time of the night, but he insisted on us having a seat and said he would call his wife. As we were seated she came down the stairway, and to my amazement she was in her night gown, the same kind her husband wore. We took our seats and they rolled into a big armed chair. It was easy to see Norris and I were ill at ease. I made up my mind to make the best of the situation.
I pulled out my New Testament and started to talk with them; finally I said, "Let's get down here and pray about it. We all four knelt � Norris was kneeling so that he could see their feet, and see them both with his eyes open. I could not quite appre�ciate his predicament � I prayed, then called on him to pray. We arose from our knees and he almost abruptly left the house. I tarried, however, until they both gave me their hands accepting Christ, and I thank God for saving them. We went on home discussing the matter at some length. This was Saturday night. Sunday evening we were in our accustomed place at the main entrance of the church auditorium watching especially for those we had visited and won during the week. Presently two well dressed, fine looking people came walking up and in a moment I recognized them as the people we had visited the night before. Norris could hardly believe it when I presented them to him. I saw that the ushers seated them in a favorable place. Later, be�fore the sermon, I had a chance to greet them again and say a word to them in their seats. When the invitation was given at the close of the service that evening these two friends went for�ward to make a public confession of Christ.
Norris has told this experience many times, and no doubt some people have doubted � two preachers actually pulling people out of the bed at ten or eleven o'clock at night to win them to Christ � and in their nightgowns!
[p. 75]
But why not? If people are lost without Christ, and if there is a hell, and sinners are lost and will spend eternity in hell, why should not we be intensely in earnest and day and night seek to lead men and women to Christ?
Norris might have many faults; if people are looking for faults they are usually easy to find. But I know of no man who will work longer or harder in season and out of season and who will go forth and pay any kind of price to win men to Jesus Christ.
I have already said, I do not know when Norris prepares his sermons. He has gone with me six days in the week from morn�ing till night and preached two or three great sermons on Sunday. I do not know when he prepared them. I have seen him go home with half dozen magazines under his arm at 6 o'clock or 7 o'clock in the evening, and go by his home at 10 or 11 o'clock at night and find them scattered around all over the floor or piled up in the waste basket. I can understand now after several years of asso�ciation with him something of how and when he prepares his sermons.
In the first place, he has one of the keenest and most brilliant minds in the world today. He can spin historical facts, giving dates, persons, and places by the hour. He can read what there is in a newspaper or magazine while I am getting started, and he never forget anything he reads.
He is the best educated man I know anything about.
He knows the Bible from the first word in Genesis to the last amen in Revelation. He memorizes scripture all the time.
After three years with the First Baptist Church I resigned to accept a position as instructor in practical Sunday School work at the Southwestern Theological Seminary at the invitation of Dr. L. R. Scarborough. Dr. Scarborough was at that time a member of the First Baptist Church. The day I finally accepted the position with Dr. Scarborough he said to me his only regret was he was afraid the Sunday School would go to pieces at the First Baptist Church, and regretted the great loss my leaving would be to the church and the injury it would do to the work. I said to him then, "You evidently do not know J. Frank Norris � you needn't worry about anything he puts his hand to being a failure." 1 have often thought about this in the conflicts between these good men. It was years after this while I was in Fort Worth on a visil that Dr. Scarborough asked me if I had any lellers from Norris similar to one I had received which had, without
[p. 76]
my knowledge, fallen into the hands of some of those who were against Norris.
In this letter he had written me he said he had a car load of dynamite he was going to turn loose on the machine, and a number of other things to that effect. I was surprised that Dr. Scarborough asked me the question, "Have you any more letters from Norris similar to the one I saw sometime ago?"
I said, "Yes, I receive letters from Norris constantly, and many of them along the same line."
He said, "Would you mind turning some of them over to me? We are going to dehorn Norris. We have got it to do."
I strongly advised Dr. Scarborough not to do it. I said Norris has been charged with practically everything a man could be charged with; has been cleared in every case, and nobody would believe anything he might be charged with now, and you are a good man. You do not enjoy a fight and you would be constantly in hot water and besides before it is over with you will be charged with doing everything from shooting craps to cattle stealing, and if I were you I would go right ahead with my work and waste no time attacking Norris.
Some of the things that were brought out in the now famous fight between the denominational leaders and Norris during the past several years have been rather amusing, and one particular with reference to cattle was certainly amusing.
One of the things that has always impressed me is Norris' continual reference to his mother, how she taught him the Scrip�tures, how she prayed for him. She must have been a most re�markable woman and his father undoubtedly a remarkable man; ruined by the awful curse of drink. No wonder J. Frank Norris has all his life made constant, vigorous warfare against the liquor traffic.
I could better understand it after I had heard him from the platform recite some of his boyhood experiences. No man in these modern times has ever more forcefully and effectively fought the liquor traffic than J. Frank Norris. I have heard him preach on it time after time, and I have seen him baptize multitudes of drunkards and saloon keepers.
Whatever else J. Frank Norris may preach on, in practically every message he reaches the heart of the lost sinner.
It seems to be like the Apostle Paul, "his heart's desire," and t,h� great church in Fort Worth and now the one in Detroit in their remarkable soul winning work is a testimony to this passion.
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Inside History of First Baptist Church, Forth Worth and Temple Baptist Church, Detroit. � Life Story of Dr. J. Frank Norris; Rev. Louis Entzminger, "My First Meeting of Dr. Norris", n.p., n.d., pp. 53-76. � Scanned by Jim Duvall.

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